WARNING: READ AT YOUR OWN RISK!
It was, I believe, in 1933 when Swiss astronomer Fritz Zwicky, while observing the orbital velocities of galaxies in galactic clusters, first noticed a mathematical anomaly within their movement. They were not moving in accordance with the gravitational masses revealed by their luminosities.
Generally, such calculations are very accurate, but not with respect to this cluster. Something else was (and still is) present.
Dark matter, which is that obscure something, has been known about and theorized about for almost one hundred years now.
So what is it?
Well, that’s just it. Nobody knows. Sure, there are plenty of cool explanations about it, one of the leading being that it is some type of Weakly Interacting Massive Particle or WIMP for short.
In my opinion, the WIMP theory is the closest to reality, but still falls horribly short when it comes to what dark matter actually is.
I have a feeling that I know and I have reason to believe that the answer to the question: What is dark matter? will perhaps be the most important answer with respect to any question regarding the future of humanity.
So let’s take a moment and analyze what we know about dark matter…
1) We cannot see it…hence the name…it does not emit electromagnetic radiation.
2) The gravitational forces it produces by far exceed those of our observable universe.
3) Dark matter makes up the majority of the “mass” in the universe…it accounts for at least 100 times the observable mass in our universe, mass that is observable because of its luminosity.
4) It has consistently evaded detection by any and all scientists and experiments to date…and these guys are not slackers.
So what is it then?
I think the multidimensional model portrayed by theoretical physicist Brian Greene stated it best when he referred to other dimensions as being “curled up” within the three spatial dimensions we all move around in.
However, the expression “curled up” is still a bit misleading to the layman…as is the term “dimension”.
Personally, I prefer the term multiverse.
Multiverse can refer to multiple universes overlaid in the same three spatial dimensions without seeing eachother.
How is this possible you ask?
Well, its really not that complicated.
Let me ask you this: What is you favorite radio station? What is your next favorite radio station? Do you listen to both of them at the same time?
Of course not. You listen to one at a time without any overlap. This is possible because the two radio stations are on different wavelengths.
Mass, in the terms of quantum mechanics can and does follow the same principle.
Just as the wavelengths of radio stations are intentionally quantized so as to prevent overlap, so too are the quantum mechanical wave functions that make up the foundation of mass in our universe as we observe and understand it.
What does this mean? It simply means this. The universe that YOU live in and are aware of is only a single quantized universe just as your radio station is a single quantized radio station that you listen too without interference.
However, there is a snag, and its called dark matter.
Remember, we cannot see dark matter, only its gravitational effects.
Does this even make any sense? Well, actually, yes…it makes perfect sense, especially when viewed through the lens of General Relativity.
Albert Einstein proposed that space was really a smooth three dimensional fabric that actually curved (or changed density) in the presence of mass-information in the form of mass-wave-functions.
Now here is where it gets a bit tricky. If the mass-wave-functions of our universe are quantized just like the wave function of your favorite radion station is quantized so as to prevent interference, so too may indpendently quantized mass-wave-functions of parallel universes exists so as to prevent mass-overlap, as it were.
But there is a snag. If parallel universes do exist and they are indeed based on “out of phase” quantized wave functions both occupying the same time-space fabric as Einstein proposed, then the gravity would be shared by both because both sets of wave functions curved time-space, which is EXACTLY what we see.
To make matter more complicated, if the wave functions that make up “dark matter” are “dark” because they do not interact with or produce electromagnetic radiation that is detectable in our universe, then we will simply see a gravitational presence with no apparent origin and this is EXACTLY what we see.
Additionally, to make matters even worse for scientists, if, for any reason, the quantum mechanical wave functions that are the foundation of a parallel universe are in fact shorter than the quantum mechanical wave functions that make up our universe, then there is absolutely no way that we can probe it simply for the well-established reason that we cannot build up enough energy (even at our biggest atom smashers) to probe it. We are essentially locked out. We would have to exceed the speed of light and the laws of our universe simply and essentially prevent that.
I read a report recently that I will not quote simply out of embarassment, that some scientists, out of frustration of not having yet discovered dark matter have actually considered modifying the well-established, experimentally verified, laws and equation of grvitational behavior so as to exclude the necessity for dark matter.
Such an attempt or such a pursuit would no longer be a scientific one, I am afraid and will be a dark day in science.
Honestly, I am perfectly fine with one confining their own views to a single universe under the guide and guise of a strictly materialist view, but please do not hold on to a “world view” so tightly so as to leave all common sense and established science on the table.
So what do we know then.
1) Something is causing gravity that we cannot see and it is referred to as dark matter.
2) Two or more classes of mass can exist in the exact same time and space and not interact with eachother other than through the gravity that they produce.
3) Mass based on quantum mechanical wave functions of a fundamental unit that is smaller than ours will not be measurable in any way other than through its gravity and gravitational lensing.
I have a really strong suspicion that dark matter is indeed a parallel universe (usually referred to as another dimension).
It is much more massive and there is much more energy there than the universe we live in and can see.
So far, we have not detected dark matter other than through gravity, so that tells me that there is a a better than fifty percent chance that its quantum mechanical mass wave functions are of a shorter wavelength and therefore at a higher energy level than we can probe.
Regardless of what belief system you choose, be it a religious one or a strictly materialist one, the cold hard fact is: there is life in our universe. We are proof of that.
If that universe is built around quantum mechnical wave functions that are shorter and higher energy than ours, then it is impossible that our universe formed that one…there is not enough energy in this universe.
However, it is possible that that universe (dark matter universe) formed this one because we are lower mass energy.
So if that universe (or multiverse) preceded ours and our younger universe already has life by whatever means, then there is probably life there.
Actually, there is a good chance that it is older, wiser, more advanced, more powerful and can see us and interact with us without us being able to reciprocate.
I just find it odd that this scenario seems to describe the concepts behind every religious text ever penned by humans…just an observation.